60% of large companies feel 'Spreadsheet Hell' describes their reliance on spreadsheets.
Murphy (2007)
People tend to believe their spreadsheets are more accurate than they really are.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
The quality and reliability of spreadsheets is known to be poor.
Bishop & McDaid (2007)
Every study that has looked for errors has found them... in considerable abundance.
Panko & Halverson (1996)
Errors in spreadsheets are as ubiquitous as spreadsheets themselves.
Colbenz (2005)
Errors in spreadsheets... result in incorrect decisions being made and significant losses incurred.
Beaman, et al (2005)
Despite overwhelming and unanimous evidence... companies have continued to ignore spreadsheet error risks.
Panko (2014)
The untested spreadsheet is as dangerous and untrustworthy as an untested program.
Price (2006)
Your spreadsheets may be disasters in the making.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Spreadsheet errors are pervasive, stubborn, ubiquitous and complex.
Irons (2003)
Spreadsheets are commonly used and commonly flawed.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2008)
The results given by spreadsheets are often just wrong.
Sajaniemi (1998)
Research on spreadsheet errors is substantial, compelling, and unanimous.
Panko (2015)
Spreadsheets are more fault-prone than other software.
Kulesz & Ostberg (2013)
Spreadsheets are often hard, if not impossible, to understand.
Mireault & Gresham (2015)
Most large spreadsheets have dozens or even hundreds of errors.
Panko & Ordway (2005)
Overconfidence is one of the most substantial causes of spreadsheet errors.
Sakal, et al (2015)
Spreadsheet errors... a great, often unrecognised, risk to corporate decision making & financial integrity.
Chadwick (2002)
Spreadsheets are easy to use and very hard to check.
Chen & Chan (2000)
Never assume a spreadsheet is right, even your own.
Raffensperger (2001)
Spreadsheet shortcomings can significantly hamper an organization's business operation.
Reschenhofer & Matthes (2015)
Spreadsheet errors have resulted in huge financial losses.
Abraham & Erwig (2007)
...few incidents of spreadsheet errors are made public and these are usually not revealed by choice.
Kruck & Sheetz (2001)
Spreadsheets are extraordinarily and unacceptably prone to error.
Dunn (2010)
The software that end users are creating... is riddled with errors.
Burnett & Myers (2014)
Spreadsheets contain errors at an alarmingly high rate.
Abraham, et al (2005)
Programmers exhibit unwarranted confidence in the correctness of their spreadsheets.
Krishna, et al (2001)
It is now widely accepted that errors in spreadsheets are both common and potentially dangerous.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Studies have shown that there is a high incidence of errors in spreadsheets.
Csernoch & Biro (2013)
94% of the 88 spreadsheets audited in 7 studies have contained errors.
Panko (2008)
Spreadsheet development must embrace extensive testing in order to be taken seriously as a profession.
Bock (2016)
Spreadsheets have a notoriously high number of faults.
Rust, et al (2006)
Every study, without exception, has found error rates much higher than organizations would wish to tolerate.
Panko (1999)
Spreadsheets are alarmingly error-prone to write.
Paine (2001)
Spreadsheets are dangerous to their authors and others.
Durusau & Hunting (2015)
Spreadsheets are the most popular live programming environments, but they are also notoriously fault-prone.
Hermans & van der Storm (2015)
Spreadsheet errors are still the rule rather than the exception.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
A lot of decisions are being made on the basis of some bad numbers.
Ross (1996)
Despite being staggeringly error prone, spreadsheets are a highly flexible programming environment.
Abreu, et al (2015)
1% of all formulas in operational spreadsheets are in error.
Powell, Baker, & Lawson (2009)
The issue is not whether there is an error but how many errors there are and how serious they are.
Panko (2007)
Spreadsheets are notoriously error-prone.
Cunha, et al (2011)
It is irrational to expect large error-free spreadsheets.
Panko (2013)
Most executives do not really check or verify the accuracy or validity of [their] spreadsheets...
Teo & Tan (1999)
Spreadsheets... pose a greater threat to your business than almost anything you can imagine.
Howard (2005)
Even obvious, elementary errors in very simple, clearly documented spreadsheets are... difficult to find.
Galletta, et al (1993)
Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Untested spreadsheets are riddled with errors.
Miller (2005)
Developing an error-free spreadsheet has been a problem since the beginning of end-user computing.
Mireault (2015)
A significant proportion of spreadsheets have severe quality problems.
Ayalew (2007)
Understanding absolute, relative, and mixed cell references in Excel

Understanding absolute, relative, and mixed cell references in Excel

10 August 2017

A worksheet in Excel is made up of cells. These cells can be referenced by specifying the row value and the column value.

The power of Excel lies in the fact that you can use these cell reference in other cells when creating formulas.

There are three kinds of cell references in Excel:

  • Relative cell references.
  • Absolute cell references.
  • Mixed cell references.
  • Understanding these different type of cell references will help you work with formulas and save time (especially when copy pasting formulas).

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