The software that end users are creating... is riddled with errors.
Burnett & Myers (2014)
Even obvious, elementary errors in very simple, clearly documented spreadsheets are... difficult to find.
Galletta, et al (1993)
It is now widely accepted that errors in spreadsheets are both common and potentially dangerous.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Untested spreadsheets are riddled with errors.
Miller (2005)
It is irrational to expect large error-free spreadsheets.
Panko (2013)
The untested spreadsheet is as dangerous and untrustworthy as an untested program.
Price (2006)
Spreadsheets contain errors at an alarmingly high rate.
Abraham, et al (2005)
The results given by spreadsheets are often just wrong.
Sajaniemi (1998)
1% of all formulas in operational spreadsheets are in error.
Powell, Baker, & Lawson (2009)
94% of the 88 spreadsheets audited in 7 studies have contained errors.
Panko (2008)
Most large spreadsheets have dozens or even hundreds of errors.
Panko & Ordway (2005)
Your spreadsheets may be disasters in the making.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Spreadsheets are easy to use and very hard to check.
Chen & Chan (2000)
Spreadsheet errors... a great, often unrecognised, risk to corporate decision making & financial integrity.
Chadwick (2002)
Despite overwhelming and unanimous evidence... companies have continued to ignore spreadsheet error risks.
Panko (2014)
Every study, without exception, has found error rates much higher than organizations would wish to tolerate.
Panko (1999)
60% of large companies feel 'Spreadsheet Hell' describes their reliance on spreadsheets.
Murphy (2007)
Spreadsheet errors have resulted in huge financial losses.
Abraham & Erwig (2007)
Spreadsheets are the most popular live programming environments, but they are also notoriously fault-prone.
Hermans & van der Storm (2015)
Every study that has looked for errors has found them... in considerable abundance.
Panko & Halverson (1996)
Overconfidence is one of the most substantial causes of spreadsheet errors.
Sakal, et al (2015)
Programmers exhibit unwarranted confidence in the correctness of their spreadsheets.
Krishna, et al (2001)
Spreadsheets are dangerous to their authors and others.
Durusau & Hunting (2015)
Despite being staggeringly error prone, spreadsheets are a highly flexible programming environment.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Spreadsheets have a notoriously high number of faults.
Rust, et al (2006)
Spreadsheets... pose a greater threat to your business than almost anything you can imagine.
Howard (2005)
Studies have shown that there is a high incidence of errors in spreadsheets.
Csernoch & Biro (2013)
Spreadsheet shortcomings can significantly hamper an organization's business operation.
Reschenhofer & Matthes (2015)
Errors in spreadsheets are as ubiquitous as spreadsheets themselves.
Colbenz (2005)
Spreadsheets are alarmingly error-prone to write.
Paine (2001)
Research on spreadsheet errors is substantial, compelling, and unanimous.
Panko (2015)
Spreadsheet development must embrace extensive testing in order to be taken seriously as a profession.
Bock (2016)
A lot of decisions are being made on the basis of some bad numbers.
Ross (1996)
People tend to believe their spreadsheets are more accurate than they really are.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users.
Abreu, et al (2015)
...few incidents of spreadsheet errors are made public and these are usually not revealed by choice.
Kruck & Sheetz (2001)
Spreadsheets are commonly used and commonly flawed.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2008)
A significant proportion of spreadsheets have severe quality problems.
Ayalew (2007)
Spreadsheets are extraordinarily and unacceptably prone to error.
Dunn (2010)
Errors in spreadsheets... result in incorrect decisions being made and significant losses incurred.
Beaman, et al (2005)
Spreadsheets are often hard, if not impossible, to understand.
Mireault & Gresham (2015)
Spreadsheets are notoriously error-prone.
Cunha, et al (2011)
Never assume a spreadsheet is right, even your own.
Raffensperger (2001)
The quality and reliability of spreadsheets is known to be poor.
Bishop & McDaid (2007)
The issue is not whether there is an error but how many errors there are and how serious they are.
Panko (2007)
Most executives do not really check or verify the accuracy or validity of [their] spreadsheets...
Teo & Tan (1999)
Spreadsheet errors are pervasive, stubborn, ubiquitous and complex.
Irons (2003)
Spreadsheets are more fault-prone than other software.
Kulesz & Ostberg (2013)
Spreadsheet errors are still the rule rather than the exception.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Developing an error-free spreadsheet has been a problem since the beginning of end-user computing.
Mireault (2015)
Understanding absolute, relative, and mixed cell references in Excel

Understanding absolute, relative, and mixed cell references in Excel

10 August 2017

A worksheet in Excel is made up of cells. These cells can be referenced by specifying the row value and the column value.

The power of Excel lies in the fact that you can use these cell reference in other cells when creating formulas.

There are three kinds of cell references in Excel:

  • Relative cell references.
  • Absolute cell references.
  • Mixed cell references.
  • Understanding these different type of cell references will help you work with formulas and save time (especially when copy pasting formulas).

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