Every study, without exception, has found error rates much higher than organizations would wish to tolerate.
Panko (1999)
Spreadsheets have a notoriously high number of faults.
Rust, et al (2006)
Spreadsheets are dangerous to their authors and others.
Durusau & Hunting (2015)
Spreadsheet errors are pervasive, stubborn, ubiquitous and complex.
Irons (2003)
Spreadsheets contain errors at an alarmingly high rate.
Abraham, et al (2005)
Overconfidence is one of the most substantial causes of spreadsheet errors.
Sakal, et al (2015)
Spreadsheets are notoriously error-prone.
Cunha, et al (2011)
The software that end users are creating... is riddled with errors.
Burnett & Myers (2014)
1% of all formulas in operational spreadsheets are in error.
Powell, Baker, & Lawson (2009)
Despite being staggeringly error prone, spreadsheets are a highly flexible programming environment.
Abreu, et al (2015)
94% of the 88 spreadsheets audited in 7 studies have contained errors.
Panko (2008)
Programmers exhibit unwarranted confidence in the correctness of their spreadsheets.
Krishna, et al (2001)
The results given by spreadsheets are often just wrong.
Sajaniemi (1998)
Spreadsheets are the most popular live programming environments, but they are also notoriously fault-prone.
Hermans & van der Storm (2015)
Spreadsheets are extraordinarily and unacceptably prone to error.
Dunn (2010)
A significant proportion of spreadsheets have severe quality problems.
Ayalew (2007)
Spreadsheets are alarmingly error-prone to write.
Paine (2001)
Spreadsheet errors are still the rule rather than the exception.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
The quality and reliability of spreadsheets is known to be poor.
Bishop & McDaid (2007)
It is now widely accepted that errors in spreadsheets are both common and potentially dangerous.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
60% of large companies feel 'Spreadsheet Hell' describes their reliance on spreadsheets.
Murphy (2007)
Untested spreadsheets are riddled with errors.
Miller (2005)
Even obvious, elementary errors in very simple, clearly documented spreadsheets are... difficult to find.
Galletta, et al (1993)
Spreadsheets are often hard, if not impossible, to understand.
Mireault & Gresham (2015)
Your spreadsheets may be disasters in the making.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
People tend to believe their spreadsheets are more accurate than they really are.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Every study that has looked for errors has found them... in considerable abundance.
Panko & Halverson (1996)
Developing an error-free spreadsheet has been a problem since the beginning of end-user computing.
Mireault (2015)
Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Errors in spreadsheets are as ubiquitous as spreadsheets themselves.
Colbenz (2005)
Errors in spreadsheets... result in incorrect decisions being made and significant losses incurred.
Beaman, et al (2005)
Spreadsheets are more fault-prone than other software.
Kulesz & Ostberg (2013)
Research on spreadsheet errors is substantial, compelling, and unanimous.
Panko (2015)
Spreadsheets are commonly used and commonly flawed.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2008)
Most executives do not really check or verify the accuracy or validity of [their] spreadsheets...
Teo & Tan (1999)
Studies have shown that there is a high incidence of errors in spreadsheets.
Csernoch & Biro (2013)
It is irrational to expect large error-free spreadsheets.
Panko (2013)
Spreadsheet shortcomings can significantly hamper an organization's business operation.
Reschenhofer & Matthes (2015)
Spreadsheet errors... a great, often unrecognised, risk to corporate decision making & financial integrity.
Chadwick (2002)
The untested spreadsheet is as dangerous and untrustworthy as an untested program.
Price (2006)
...few incidents of spreadsheet errors are made public and these are usually not revealed by choice.
Kruck & Sheetz (2001)
Despite overwhelming and unanimous evidence... companies have continued to ignore spreadsheet error risks.
Panko (2014)
Spreadsheets are easy to use and very hard to check.
Chen & Chan (2000)
The issue is not whether there is an error but how many errors there are and how serious they are.
Panko (2007)
Spreadsheet errors have resulted in huge financial losses.
Abraham & Erwig (2007)
Spreadsheets... pose a greater threat to your business than almost anything you can imagine.
Howard (2005)
A lot of decisions are being made on the basis of some bad numbers.
Ross (1996)
Spreadsheet development must embrace extensive testing in order to be taken seriously as a profession.
Bock (2016)
Never assume a spreadsheet is right, even your own.
Raffensperger (2001)
Most large spreadsheets have dozens or even hundreds of errors.
Panko & Ordway (2005)

Spreadsheet bibliography

Title Using constraints to diagnose faulty spreadsheets
Authors Rui Abreu, Birgit Hofer, Alexandre Perez, & Franz Wotawa
Year 2015
Type Article
Publication Software Quality Journal
Series Volume 23, Issue 2, June, pages 297-322
Abstract

Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users. Spreadsheets are widely adopted for decision making and may have a serious economical impact for the business. However, spreadsheets are staggeringly prone to errors. Hence, approaches for aiding the process of pinpointing the faulty cells in a spreadsheet are of great value.

We present a constraint-based approach, ConBug, for debugging spreadsheets. The approach takes as input a (faulty) spreadsheet and a test case that reveals the fault and computes a set of diagnosis candidates for the debugging problem. Therefore, we convert the spreadsheet and a test case to a constraint satisfaction problem.

We perform an empirical evaluation with 78 spreadsheets from different sources, where we demonstrate that our approach is light-weight and efficient. From our experimental results, we conclude that ConBug helps end users to pinpoint faulty cells.

Full version Available
Sample
Example from EUSES spreadsheet corpus
Example from EUSES spreadsheet corpus
This example spreadsheet, from the EUSES spreadsheet corpus, contains a formula error. It is used to illustrate the basic concepts of ConBug.
Go to top