Every study, without exception, has found error rates much higher than organizations would wish to tolerate.
Panko (1999)
Spreadsheets are dangerous to their authors and others.
Durusau & Hunting (2015)
The software that end users are creating... is riddled with errors.
Burnett & Myers (2014)
...few incidents of spreadsheet errors are made public and these are usually not revealed by choice.
Kruck & Sheetz (2001)
Despite being staggeringly error prone, spreadsheets are a highly flexible programming environment.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Research on spreadsheet errors is substantial, compelling, and unanimous.
Panko (2015)
Errors in spreadsheets... result in incorrect decisions being made and significant losses incurred.
Beaman, et al (2005)
Despite overwhelming and unanimous evidence... companies have continued to ignore spreadsheet error risks.
Panko (2014)
Your spreadsheets may be disasters in the making.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Every study that has looked for errors has found them... in considerable abundance.
Panko & Halverson (1996)
Developing an error-free spreadsheet has been a problem since the beginning of end-user computing.
Mireault (2015)
The results given by spreadsheets are often just wrong.
Sajaniemi (1998)
Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Spreadsheets are the most popular live programming environments, but they are also notoriously fault-prone.
Hermans & van der Storm (2015)
Spreadsheets have a notoriously high number of faults.
Rust, et al (2006)
60% of large companies feel 'Spreadsheet Hell' describes their reliance on spreadsheets.
Murphy (2007)
Spreadsheet development must embrace extensive testing in order to be taken seriously as a profession.
Bock (2016)
Untested spreadsheets are riddled with errors.
Miller (2005)
Spreadsheets contain errors at an alarmingly high rate.
Abraham, et al (2005)
Spreadsheet errors have resulted in huge financial losses.
Abraham & Erwig (2007)
Spreadsheet errors are still the rule rather than the exception.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Errors in spreadsheets are as ubiquitous as spreadsheets themselves.
Colbenz (2005)
A lot of decisions are being made on the basis of some bad numbers.
Ross (1996)
Spreadsheets are easy to use and very hard to check.
Chen & Chan (2000)
94% of the 88 spreadsheets audited in 7 studies have contained errors.
Panko (2008)
Spreadsheets are commonly used and commonly flawed.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2008)
Most large spreadsheets have dozens or even hundreds of errors.
Panko & Ordway (2005)
The issue is not whether there is an error but how many errors there are and how serious they are.
Panko (2007)
Studies have shown that there is a high incidence of errors in spreadsheets.
Csernoch & Biro (2013)
Programmers exhibit unwarranted confidence in the correctness of their spreadsheets.
Krishna, et al (2001)
It is now widely accepted that errors in spreadsheets are both common and potentially dangerous.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Spreadsheet errors... a great, often unrecognised, risk to corporate decision making & financial integrity.
Chadwick (2002)
People tend to believe their spreadsheets are more accurate than they really are.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
Spreadsheets are extraordinarily and unacceptably prone to error.
Dunn (2010)
Spreadsheets are notoriously error-prone.
Cunha, et al (2011)
Even obvious, elementary errors in very simple, clearly documented spreadsheets are... difficult to find.
Galletta, et al (1993)
1% of all formulas in operational spreadsheets are in error.
Powell, Baker, & Lawson (2009)
Never assume a spreadsheet is right, even your own.
Raffensperger (2001)
Spreadsheet errors are pervasive, stubborn, ubiquitous and complex.
Irons (2003)
Spreadsheets... pose a greater threat to your business than almost anything you can imagine.
Howard (2005)
The quality and reliability of spreadsheets is known to be poor.
Bishop & McDaid (2007)
Overconfidence is one of the most substantial causes of spreadsheet errors.
Sakal, et al (2015)
Spreadsheets are often hard, if not impossible, to understand.
Mireault & Gresham (2015)
Most executives do not really check or verify the accuracy or validity of [their] spreadsheets...
Teo & Tan (1999)
It is irrational to expect large error-free spreadsheets.
Panko (2013)
Spreadsheet shortcomings can significantly hamper an organization's business operation.
Reschenhofer & Matthes (2015)
Spreadsheets are alarmingly error-prone to write.
Paine (2001)
A significant proportion of spreadsheets have severe quality problems.
Ayalew (2007)
Spreadsheets are more fault-prone than other software.
Kulesz & Ostberg (2013)
The untested spreadsheet is as dangerous and untrustworthy as an untested program.
Price (2006)

Spreadsheet bibliography

Title Using constraints to diagnose faulty spreadsheets
Authors Rui Abreu, Birgit Hofer, Alexandre Perez, & Franz Wotawa
Year 2015
Type Article
Publication Software Quality Journal
Series Volume 23, Issue 2, June, pages 297-322
Abstract

Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users. Spreadsheets are widely adopted for decision making and may have a serious economical impact for the business. However, spreadsheets are staggeringly prone to errors. Hence, approaches for aiding the process of pinpointing the faulty cells in a spreadsheet are of great value.

We present a constraint-based approach, ConBug, for debugging spreadsheets. The approach takes as input a (faulty) spreadsheet and a test case that reveals the fault and computes a set of diagnosis candidates for the debugging problem. Therefore, we convert the spreadsheet and a test case to a constraint satisfaction problem.

We perform an empirical evaluation with 78 spreadsheets from different sources, where we demonstrate that our approach is light-weight and efficient. From our experimental results, we conclude that ConBug helps end users to pinpoint faulty cells.

Full version Available
Sample
Example from EUSES spreadsheet corpus
Example from EUSES spreadsheet corpus
This example spreadsheet, from the EUSES spreadsheet corpus, contains a formula error. It is used to illustrate the basic concepts of ConBug.
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