1% of all formulas in operational spreadsheets are in error.
Powell, Baker, & Lawson (2009)
Despite being staggeringly error prone, spreadsheets are a highly flexible programming environment.
Abreu, et al (2015)
Spreadsheets are more fault-prone than other software.
Kulesz & Ostberg (2013)
Spreadsheet errors have resulted in huge financial losses.
Abraham & Erwig (2007)
Spreadsheet errors are still the rule rather than the exception.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
Never assume a spreadsheet is right, even your own.
Raffensperger (2001)
Spreadsheet shortcomings can significantly hamper an organization's business operation.
Reschenhofer & Matthes (2015)
Most large spreadsheets have dozens or even hundreds of errors.
Panko & Ordway (2005)
60% of large companies feel 'Spreadsheet Hell' describes their reliance on spreadsheets.
Murphy (2007)
Despite overwhelming and unanimous evidence... companies have continued to ignore spreadsheet error risks.
Panko (2014)
The untested spreadsheet is as dangerous and untrustworthy as an untested program.
Price (2006)
Spreadsheet errors are pervasive, stubborn, ubiquitous and complex.
Irons (2003)
Overconfidence is one of the most substantial causes of spreadsheet errors.
Sakal, et al (2015)
Developing an error-free spreadsheet has been a problem since the beginning of end-user computing.
Mireault (2015)
Spreadsheets contain errors at an alarmingly high rate.
Abraham, et al (2005)
Spreadsheets are the most popular live programming environments, but they are also notoriously fault-prone.
Hermans & van der Storm (2015)
Studies have shown that there is a high incidence of errors in spreadsheets.
Csernoch & Biro (2013)
Spreadsheets are easy to use and very hard to check.
Chen & Chan (2000)
Most executives do not really check or verify the accuracy or validity of [their] spreadsheets...
Teo & Tan (1999)
The software that end users are creating... is riddled with errors.
Burnett & Myers (2014)
Spreadsheets have a notoriously high number of faults.
Rust, et al (2006)
Spreadsheet errors... a great, often unrecognised, risk to corporate decision making & financial integrity.
Chadwick (2002)
Spreadsheets are notoriously error-prone.
Cunha, et al (2011)
The results given by spreadsheets are often just wrong.
Sajaniemi (1998)
Every study, without exception, has found error rates much higher than organizations would wish to tolerate.
Panko (1999)
...few incidents of spreadsheet errors are made public and these are usually not revealed by choice.
Kruck & Sheetz (2001)
Spreadsheets are extraordinarily and unacceptably prone to error.
Dunn (2010)
The quality and reliability of spreadsheets is known to be poor.
Bishop & McDaid (2007)
It is irrational to expect large error-free spreadsheets.
Panko (2013)
Spreadsheets... pose a greater threat to your business than almost anything you can imagine.
Howard (2005)
Programmers exhibit unwarranted confidence in the correctness of their spreadsheets.
Krishna, et al (2001)
Spreadsheet development must embrace extensive testing in order to be taken seriously as a profession.
Bock (2016)
Every study that has looked for errors has found them... in considerable abundance.
Panko & Halverson (1996)
Spreadsheets can be viewed as a highly flexible programming environment for end users.
Abreu, et al (2015)
People tend to believe their spreadsheets are more accurate than they really are.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
94% of the 88 spreadsheets audited in 7 studies have contained errors.
Panko (2008)
Research on spreadsheet errors is substantial, compelling, and unanimous.
Panko (2015)
Spreadsheets are often hard, if not impossible, to understand.
Mireault & Gresham (2015)
A lot of decisions are being made on the basis of some bad numbers.
Ross (1996)
Spreadsheets are commonly used and commonly flawed.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2008)
Spreadsheets are dangerous to their authors and others.
Durusau & Hunting (2015)
Errors in spreadsheets are as ubiquitous as spreadsheets themselves.
Colbenz (2005)
Your spreadsheets may be disasters in the making.
Caulkins, Morrison, & Weidemann (2006)
It is now widely accepted that errors in spreadsheets are both common and potentially dangerous.
Nixon & O'Hara (2010)
A significant proportion of spreadsheets have severe quality problems.
Ayalew (2007)
The issue is not whether there is an error but how many errors there are and how serious they are.
Panko (2007)
Spreadsheets are alarmingly error-prone to write.
Paine (2001)
Untested spreadsheets are riddled with errors.
Miller (2005)
Errors in spreadsheets... result in incorrect decisions being made and significant losses incurred.
Beaman, et al (2005)
Even obvious, elementary errors in very simple, clearly documented spreadsheets are... difficult to find.
Galletta, et al (1993)

Spreadsheet bibliography

Title UCheck: A spreadsheet type checker for end users
Authors Robin Abraham & Martin Erwig
Year 2007
Type Article
Publication Journal of Visual Languages and Computing
Series Volume 18, Issue 1, February, pages 71-95
Abstract

Spreadsheets are widely used, and studies have shown that most end-user spreadsheets contain non-trivial errors. Most of the currently available tools that try to mitigate this problem require varying levels of user intervention.

This paper presents a system, called UCheck, that detects errors in spreadsheets automatically. UCheck carries out automatic header and unit inference, and reports unit errors to the users. UCheck is based on two static analyses phases that infer header and unit information for all cells in a spreadsheet.

We have tested UCheck on a wide variety of spreadsheets and found that it works accurately and reliably. The system was also used in a continuing education course for high school teachers, conducted through Oregon State University, aimed at making the participants aware of the need for quality control in the creation of spreadsheets.

Full version Available
Sample
Fault localization feedback
Fault localization feedback

The system uses cell shading to communicate fault localization information, and also listed the references from a cell.

The users should direct their debugging efforts to the cells that have been shaded orange. For example, in this sheet correcting the reference to cell C3 in cell B5, would remove all the unit errors.

Go to top